Bible and calendars
Bible and calendars
PREFACE BIBLE AND CALENDAR
I. PRELIMINARY NOTIONS
1. METHODOLOGY BIBLE AND CALENDAR
2. A QUITE ANCIENT NEW CALENDAR
3. ABOUT CALENDARS
4. A LUSTRUM
5. SWIFT AS THE WIND
II. REDATING JESUS' DEATH
1. DID JESUS' CRUCIFIXION ACTUALLY HAPPEN ON APRIL, 7th, 30 ?
2. RECONSTRUCTING OLD LUNAR OBSERVATIONS
3. EASTER FELL ON A SATURDAY
4. NEW YEAR WAS A SATURDAY TOO
5. THE ONLY LUNAR EXPLANATION
6. THE LONG MINISTRY OF JOHN THE BAPTIST
7. A NEW READING OF DANIEL'S PROPHECY
8. "THEY HAD BEEN REBUILDING THE TEMPLE FOR 46 YEARS..."
9. THE ROMAN POINT OF VIEW
10. EXIT PILATE - ARMY MANOEUVRES IN THE EAST
11. PAUL'S TRAVELS
12. "AND JESUS HIMSELF BEGAN TO BE ABOUT 30 YEARS OF AGE"
13. CONCLUSION
III. THE SECOND TEMPLE CALENDAR
1. WHAT CALENDAR WAS IN USE AT THE TIME
2. ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF JUBILEE YEARS
3. RECONSTRUCTING THE ANTIQUE CALENDAR
4. THE CORRECT WAY TO USE FLAVIUS JOSEPHUS
5. THE CREATION OF THE WORLD ERA
IV. CONCLUSION
V. ANNEXE
FINAL REMARKS

II. REDATING JESUS' DEATH



   

6. THE LONG MINISTRY OF JOHN THE BAPTIST




That is the most noteworthy consequence of our new chronology : the prophetic function of this Precursor would then have lasted 5 or 6 years, from 28 to 34.

Indeed, taking a closer look at Luke's Gospel, one cannot but notice that he rather insists on the long ministry of John the Baptist :
- Luke, 3, 10  "The throng question him..."
- Luke, 3, 12  "Hereupon come the taxmen..."
- Luke, 3, 14  "Soldiers question him..."
- Luke, 3, 15  "People wait for him [...] All of them have questions..."
- Luke, 3, 18  "Through many other exhortations..."

This gets confirmed by John (John, 1, 19) who reports that Priests and Levites from Jerusalem went and asked questions to John the Baptist ; they would not have done so if his speaches had not reached a large number of people.

Flavius Josephus is in complete agreement with that : "a large number of people were following him and listening to his doctrine. Herod was fearful of his influence [...] and sent him to jail in Machaerus." (J.A. XVIII, 116-119)

Let us note as well that, in the 15th year of Tiberius CŠsar's reign, John the Baptist "comes" and "preaches" (Luke, 3, 3) and announces the coming of Jesus, but using an unspecified future :
- Luke, 3, 16  "He shall baptize you..."
- Luke, 3, 17  "He shall burn..."
But there is still more.

The four Gospels tally in that they give a hue of panic to the throng at the period during which John the Baptist preaches, as if the world was soon to come to an end.

-  Matthew, 3, 5-6 "Jerusalem and all JudŠa and all the Jordan area [...]
  came to get baptized and confessed their sins."

-  Luke, 3, 15 "All the people were waiting and wondering whether John
  was the Messiah."


Even the priests and Levites do not feel that reassured :
- John, 1, 19-22  "Who are you ? The Messiah ? Elijah ?"
  "We have answers to report"


John the Baptist himself is conscious that something is brewing. He speaks of :
-  Matthew, 3, 7  "An anger that cometh"
-  Matthew, 3, 10 "A felling axe upon the trees roots"
-  Matthew, 3, 12 "Clean up one's threshing floor"

What could have brought about such a fright ?
If we study the ephemeris we notice that right at the time, between 28 and 34, a series of rare cosmical phenomena occured in Jesusalem. The book of Revelation may well allude to them (Rev. 6, 12) : "[...] and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood."

-  A total solar eclipse took place on November, 24th, 29 around 11 am ;
-  A lunar eclipse took place at the moon rising on the Pessah night of 33. It had a reddish hue and Peter the Apostle may well be alluding to it in The Acts, 2, 20.

They must have reminded people of Joel's and Amos' apocalyptic prophecies : "And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth [...] The sun shall be turned into darkness and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come." (Joel, 3, 30)
"And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord GOD, that I will cause the sun to go down at noon, and I will darken the earth in the clear day" (Amos, 8, 9)

People must as well have remembered the devastating earthquake of 31 BC, which had often been associated to cosmical disorders ; it is thus quite plausible that John the Baptist would have preached until 34.

On the other hand, we have already mentioned that in the Slavonic version of The Jewish War by Flavius Josephus, a text inserted after J.W., II, 168 indicates that a man quite similar to John the Baptist from the Gospels by his "savage" looks, his fame and his gift for prophecy, would have survived Herod who died in 349.

This would corroborate a ministry period of at least five years.

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