Bible and calendars
Bible and calendars
PREFACE BIBLE AND CALENDAR
I. PRELIMINARY NOTIONS
1. METHODOLOGY BIBLE AND CALENDAR
2. A QUITE ANCIENT NEW CALENDAR
3. ABOUT CALENDARS
4. A LUSTRUM
5. SWIFT AS THE WIND
II. REDATING JESUS' DEATH
1. DID JESUS' CRUCIFIXION ACTUALLY HAPPEN ON APRIL, 7th, 30 ?
2. RECONSTRUCTING OLD LUNAR OBSERVATIONS
3. EASTER FELL ON A SATURDAY
4. NEW YEAR WAS A SATURDAY TOO
5. THE ONLY LUNAR EXPLANATION
6. THE LONG MINISTRY OF JOHN THE BAPTIST
7. A NEW READING OF DANIEL'S PROPHECY
8. "THEY HAD BEEN REBUILDING THE TEMPLE FOR 46 YEARS..."
9. THE ROMAN POINT OF VIEW
10. EXIT PILATE - ARMY MANOEUVRES IN THE EAST
11. PAUL'S TRAVELS
12. "AND JESUS HIMSELF BEGAN TO BE ABOUT 30 YEARS OF AGE"
13. CONCLUSION
III. THE SECOND TEMPLE CALENDAR
1. WHAT CALENDAR WAS IN USE AT THE TIME
2. ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF JUBILEE YEARS
3. RECONSTRUCTING THE ANTIQUE CALENDAR
4. THE CORRECT WAY TO USE FLAVIUS JOSEPHUS
5. THE CREATION OF THE WORLD ERA
IV. CONCLUSION
V. ANNEXE
FINAL REMARKS

II. REDATING JESUS' DEATH



   

12. "AND JESUS HIMSELF BEGAN TO BE ABOUT 30 YEARS OF AGE"




We began by voicing our doubts about the accuracy of the year 30, as that usually given to date Jesus' death. We then undertook a scientifical study of the subject, set upon scriptural and astronomical data only ; the latter have become more and more precise over the last 30 years.

This study was divided in two parts :
-  a simple arithmetical demonstration based upon astronomical calculations provided by the Institute of Celestial Mechanics and Ephemeris Calculations of the Paris Observatory which, compared to the times clues given in the Gospels, brings with no ambiguity to a one and only solution (chapters 1 to 5) :

The crucifixion took place on March, 30th, 36 AD30


-  The second part consisted in looking for a maximum of evidences tallying with this date. The reading of the Gospels and of Daniel's prophecy ("of the 70 weeks") with a new eye, compared to the main historical source of that time, i.e. Flavius Josephus, does not show glaring discrepancies (chapters 6 to 12).

Three hypotheses are proposed on points which were until now insufficiently secured :

-  the word "shavouim" was problematic since it had been sometimes translated by "week" and others by "septennial".
The hypothesis of the lunation is set upon a calendar justification linked to the number 62 which characterizes a period of the antique lunar calendar coming from Babylonia. Isn't the way of putting things curious in Daniel, 9, 25 : "[...] seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks [...]" ? This bizarre way of saying things did not draw any attention and that is precisely where we can find the reason to it.

-  The 46 years of the Temple should have aroused suspicions as well if, instead of refering to the Jewish Antiquities (which do not provide a precise date for the beginning Herod's reign), one had based ones study upon the Jewish War - which links this reign to perfectly well dated events in history. The discrepancy between the two texts would have shown, then.

To get out of such a dilemma, the hypothesis of the transcriber's mistake is a classical one, and the probability of a phonetic confusion between "mu" and "nu" is highly probable. Even so, it is quite a surprise when it provides us with the 10 years necessary to verify that the solution we found in part 1 was correct !

-  The hypothesis of Pilate's revenge is quite plausible, knowing the sly and brutal aspects of the character depicted by Flavius Josephus. It also resolves with elegance three points which had not been clarified by the Jewish historian, with no apparent links and that wer held in the text. There too, the convergence with our first part is unexpected and noticeable.

Finally, both the strong coherence and the complementarity between the biblical texts and Flavius Josephus's works do not refute the date stemming from the astonomical considerations of the chapter I. All evidences tally, and maintening that Jesus died in 30 is now impossible.

N.B. : The very same time configuration will happen in 2018 when Pessah will fall on Saturday, March, 31st and Easter on Sunday, April, 1st.

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