Bible and calendars
Bible and calendars
PREFACE BIBLE AND CALENDAR
I. PRELIMINARY NOTIONS
1. METHODOLOGY BIBLE AND CALENDAR
2. A QUITE ANCIENT NEW CALENDAR
3. ABOUT CALENDARS
4. A LUSTRUM
5. SWIFT AS THE WIND
II. REDATING JESUS' DEATH
1. DID JESUS' CRUCIFIXION ACTUALLY HAPPEN ON APRIL, 7th, 30 ?
2. RECONSTRUCTING OLD LUNAR OBSERVATIONS
3. EASTER FELL ON A SATURDAY
4. NEW YEAR WAS A SATURDAY TOO
5. THE ONLY LUNAR EXPLANATION
6. THE LONG MINISTRY OF JOHN THE BAPTIST
7. A NEW READING OF DANIEL'S PROPHECY
8. "THEY HAD BEEN REBUILDING THE TEMPLE FOR 46 YEARS..."
9. THE ROMAN POINT OF VIEW
10. EXIT PILATE - ARMY MANOEUVRES IN THE EAST
11. PAUL'S TRAVELS
12. "AND JESUS HIMSELF BEGAN TO BE ABOUT 30 YEARS OF AGE"
13. CONCLUSION
III. THE SECOND TEMPLE CALENDAR
1. WHAT CALENDAR WAS IN USE AT THE TIME
2. ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF JUBILEE YEARS
3. RECONSTRUCTING THE ANTIQUE CALENDAR
4. THE CORRECT WAY TO USE FLAVIUS JOSEPHUS
5. THE CREATION OF THE WORLD ERA
IV. CONCLUSION
V. ANNEXE
FINAL REMARKS

II. REDATING JESUS' DEATH



   

1. DID JESUS' CRUCIFIXION ACTUALLY HAPPEN ON APRIL, 7th, 30 ?




This is usually the date everyone agrees upon nowadays, concerning an event soon to be 2000 years old.

Nevertheless we can doubt its preciseness, for a variety of reasons that shall be discussed later.

But beforehand we have to move back to the very source of information concerning that event. We are mainly dealing with literary documents : the four Gospels and The Acts and the written works of Flavius Josephus, a Jewish historian of the 1st century : principally The Jewish War (J.W.) and Jewish Antiquities ( J.A.).

Those works give temporal indications regarding days of the week, religious celebrations, particular years of a particular cycle, years of the reigning of characters that we already know from elsewhere.

They also deal with astronomical phenomena, eclipses, comets and even earthquakes, which are so many precise milestones - dated either in antique texts or through modern calculations.

Finally, those written works sometimes mention previous prophecies taken from biblical sources.

We shall back up our reasoning by confronting and crosschecking not merely some but most of these clues. Only then will we be able to assert with a strong probability the preciseness of a date.

But let us first mention quickly a few points of divergence that sow confusion about the veracity of Jesus actually dying on April, 7th, 30.

-  According to modern astronomical calculations concerning moon phases which condition the date of Pessah9, friday, April, 7th is the day after Pessah. This is in contradiction with both John's and Matthew's Gospels (John, 19, 31 - Matthew, 26, 5) which set the crucifixion before Pessah - which that year happened on a saturday.

So it could not have happened in 30 when Pessah was a thursday.

-  In The Acts, 2, 16, Peter the Apostle says that Joel's prophecy is fulfilled

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Here is what the prophet says according to the Septuagint9 - Joel, 3, 15 : "The moon shall be the colour of blood before cometh the Day of the Lord, great and manifest." It is widely known that the moon takes a reddish hue before an eclipse. This is due to the refraction of sun rays through the atmosphere (as it happens when the sun sets).

The moon looks even redder if the eclipse takes place when it rises (or sets) because then the sun rays have to shine through an even thicker atmosphere.

It so happens that there were two visible moon eclipses while it were rising : on April, 3rd, 33 and on January, 31st, 36.

By unlikely chance, both those dates happen to have also been religious celebrations in Israël :

-  on April, 3rd, 33 it was Pessah, a pilgrimage celebration.
-  On January, 31st, 36 it was "Tu Bishvat", the feast of trees which symbolizes the renewal of life after winter.


Those two strange and coppery and uncomplete moons must therefore have been seen by many people. So Peter the Apostle does not speak in vain while reviving close memories quite posterior to the year 30.

-  Flavius Josephus, in his Slavonic version of The Jewish War, recounts that a man, quite alike John the Baptist from the Gospel, survived Herod Philip. The latter, according to Jewish Antiquities (J.A. 18, 106-107), died on the 20th year of Tiberius' reign, i.e. in 34.
According to the Gospels, Jesus died after John the Baptist : Mark, 6, 14-16 and Matthew 14, 1-2. All these clues crosschecked would lead to a crucifixion around the end of Pilate's prefectures, i.e. in 36 at the most.


We can thus safely say that on an astronomical, prophetical and historical level, the date of April, 7th, 30 is highly disputable, so much so that the subject needs to be reexamined.

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