Bible and calendars
Bible and calendars
PREFACE BIBLE AND CALENDAR
I. PRELIMINARY NOTIONS
1. METHODOLOGY BIBLE AND CALENDAR
2. A QUITE ANCIENT NEW CALENDAR
3. ABOUT CALENDARS
4. A LUSTRUM
5. SWIFT AS THE WIND
II. REDATING JESUS' DEATH
1. DID JESUS' CRUCIFIXION ACTUALLY HAPPEN ON APRIL, 7th, 30 ?
2. RECONSTRUCTING OLD LUNAR OBSERVATIONS
3. EASTER FELL ON A SATURDAY
4. NEW YEAR WAS A SATURDAY TOO
5. THE ONLY LUNAR EXPLANATION
6. THE LONG MINISTRY OF JOHN THE BAPTIST
7. A NEW READING OF DANIEL'S PROPHECY
8. "THEY HAD BEEN REBUILDING THE TEMPLE FOR 46 YEARS..."
9. THE ROMAN POINT OF VIEW
10. EXIT PILATE - ARMY MANOEUVRES IN THE EAST
11. PAUL'S TRAVELS
12. "AND JESUS HIMSELF BEGAN TO BE ABOUT 30 YEARS OF AGE"
13. CONCLUSION
III. THE SECOND TEMPLE CALENDAR
1. WHAT CALENDAR WAS IN USE AT THE TIME
2. ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF JUBILEE YEARS
3. RECONSTRUCTING THE ANTIQUE CALENDAR
4. THE CORRECT WAY TO USE FLAVIUS JOSEPHUS
5. THE CREATION OF THE WORLD ERA
IV. CONCLUSION
V. ANNEXE
FINAL REMARKS

I. PRELIMINARY NOTIONS



   

1. METHODOLOGY BIBLE AND CALENDAR




This inquiry is about dates as old as two thousands years ago and will be set upon the confrontation between two types of sources :

- astronomical sources coming from the calculations of the « Institut de Mécanique Céleste et de Calcul des Ephémérides1 » (I.M.C.C.E.) of the Paris Observatory ;

- litterary sources from the very first century of our era, principally the New Testament and Flavius Josephus's works. Moreover, the thesis we uphold will also be set upon prophecies from the Old Testament such as that of Daniel and Joel and upon Latin authors - Pliny the Elder, Strabo - , Greek ones - Hipparchus -, or even Modern ones.

Different principles will lead our reflexion in this study :

- the astronomical calculations - coming from the I.M.C.C.E. - of the various positions of the celestial bodies according to the date are both acute and undisputable ;
- prophecies are not vain ;
- Evangelists do not lie ;
- according to the Jewish tradition, two testimonies which tally equal a near certainty ;
- no recognized evidence shall be set apart ;
- when our chain of reasoning comes to a dead end, the hypotheses we make shall be well-argued.

With regard to chronology, since our subject deals with events which happened both before and after Jesus Christ, we shall adopt the algebraic notation used by astronomers, i.e. the year preceding year 1 after J.C. shall be numbered 0 instead of ~1 as historians do.

Hence the year we number - N corresponds with the year N+1 before Jesus Christ of historians, often written ~ (N+1)2.

We shall also be using the following abbreviations :
- BC for any year preceding J. C. (i.e. Before Christ)
- AD for any year following J.C. (i.e. Anno Domini)
- AM for any year of the Hebraic era (i.e. Anno Mundi)
- AUC for any year since the foundation of Rome (i.e. ab urbe condita)

Concerning the way years were numbered at the time, that is with ordinal numbers only, one counted N-1 full years since the initial event, which usually was the beginning of a reign, the following Nth year being more or less complete.

Lastly, since our study deals with "proving" the precise date of events, let us clarify what we mean by proof.

On one side stands a simple arithmetics demonstration, based upon astronomical data given by the I.M.C.C.E and which leads to a single solution.

On the other side stands a whole network of hypotheses which make coherent the facts linked to that event and mentionned in the litterature of that period.

This way of dealing with the precise dating of events reduces dramatically the number of facts that have remained unexplained, according to the current consensus, but it also entails a few hurtful historical revisions.

1 Institute of Celestial Mechanics and Ephemeris Calculation. Ndt
2 The conversion algorithm, whichever way, is such : N minus one, then change the sign.
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